Hypothyroidism is also known as an underactive thyroid. It is an extremely common condition, especially in women, and far more common than its opposite condition hyperthyroidism.
The thyroid is a gland that controls hormone release. It affects the metabolism, the mood, and everything else within the body. An underactive thyroid can lead to symptoms such as weight gain, mood swings, and low energy levels.
Here’s a look at everything you need to know about hypothyroidism. We’ll help you understand more about the condition, the symptoms to look out for, and the treatment that will help your condition. We’ll also offer some help in tackling the symptoms while your treatments start working.
What Exactly Is Hypothyroidism
As mentioned, hypothyroidism is commonly known as an underactive thyroid. It’s a disease that affects the thyroid gland, so it can’t make enough of the thyroid hormones.
Located in the lower part of the front of the neck, the thyroid hormones are released into the bloodstream. They’re needed by almost all parts of your body, including your skin, brain, and heart. Not getting enough of the hormone can lead to various conditions, many of which are similar to other conditions. It can take your doctor a while to figure out your condition, as the symptoms mimic viral illnesses, low iron levels, and other nutrient deficiencies.
The thyroid hormone controls your metabolism. When the hormones aren’t being released, the body can’t control the energy release properly. The metabolism is forced to slow down and doesn’t use up as many calories throughout the day. Your heart beat and body temperature are all affected, making you feel sluggish and fatigued.