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The Different Food Groups: Health Facts and Myths

food groups

You have likely heard of the different food groups and that they are important. When many people think of food groups, they consider protein, carbs, fiber, and the like. However, that is not quite right. There are five food groups and specific types of foods that you should add to your diet.

The food groups are:

  • Fruit
  • Vegetables/beans/legumes
  • Grains
  • Meats, poultry, and fish (including nuts and tofu)
  • Dairy and alternatives

Getting something from each of the food groups is important. One thing you will notice is that “alternatives” is mentioned. This means vegans and those on strict diets can still get something from the food groups. You do not have to avoid all dairy because there are vegan-friendly alternatives, such as almond and coconut milk. Likewise, meat can be replaced with tofu or soy.

Before you jump into adding them all into your meals, you will need to make sure you understand the health facts and myths. Not everything you hear is true, but the facts are important.

FACT: There are Different Fruit Categories to Consider

While fruit is one food group, there are subgroups to consider within it. You will need to get a mixture from the different types of fruits, as they all offer various health benefits.

Pome fruits are the most commonly eating and include pears and apples. They are very easy to combine with different fruits, tend to quench the thirst quickly, and can be used in baking and cooking extremely easily.

Citrus and stone fruits are next on the list. These include oranges, grapefruits, lemons, cherries, nectarines, plums, and the like. Many of them are soft and juicy and help you top up with the amount of vitamin C in your diet.

Then there are tropical fruits, which include pineapples, mangos, bananas, melons, etc. After that, you have berries, which includes all varieties including goji berries! Finally, there are “other fruits,” which includes everything that cannot be added into the other subgroups, such as passion fruits and grapes.

Positive Health Wellness, excerpt posted on SouthFloridaReporter.com, Jan. 23, 2018

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