Retirement may represent a fresh episode of your life, but a surprising twist might be a drop in your credit score. Even if borrowing isn’t on your agenda, your credit score could affect other aspects of your life, ranging from how much you pay for auto insurance to whether you’ll be admitted to an assisted-living facility.
Average credit scores tend to increase as consumers get older, peaking in their seventies. To understand why your own credit score might drop after you retire, it’s important to know how credit scores are computed. While your history of paying on time is the largest element of your score, other factors include the amount you owe on your credit cards as a proportion of your card limits (known as your credit-utilization ratio) and the length of your credit history, says Ted Rossman, senior industry analyst at Bankrate.com. In addition, if you don’t use a credit card, the issuer may close it because of inactivity. “Retirees’ credit scores often go down because they’re not using credit as actively as when they were younger,” he says.
Polish your credit
To keep your score in good shape, use a credit card to make small, regular purchases. This approach will ensure that your credit card remains active and contributes positively to your credit score, Rossman says. Diligently pay the bills on time because that’s the most powerful weapon in your credit score arsenal. On-time payments demonstrate financial responsibility and reliability, which are highly regarded by credit scoring models.
Think twice before closing old or unused credit card accounts. While this may seem like a tidy financial move, it can lead to reduced available credit and an unfavorable credit-utilization ratio, which can have a negative impact on your credit score. You should also think twice about cosigning a loan for a friend or family member. Even if you aren’t the main financier, any late or missed payments can be tied to you as a cosigner, which could tarnish your otherwise stellar credit score.
This article originally appeared here and was republished with permission.