Home Articles How Much Time Does a Criminal Appeal Take?

How Much Time Does a Criminal Appeal Take?


It is necessary to recognize the timeline of the appealing process if you have an interest in appealing your criminal sentence. This procedure can take anywhere from a couple of months to a couple of years depending upon the situation as well as the surrounding circumstances.

Regardless of the strung-out procedure, in every instance, it is vital that the appeal is submitted promptly, despite the fact that the choice will not be an instant one.

The target date for submitting an appeal to begin the criminal appeal procedure you first need to examine to see if you are qualified. You need to talk with a lawyer concerning an appeal quickly following your sentencing.

Now your attorney will meticulously go through your case for legal mistakes that were made in your trial. If your attorney discovers proof that an error took place during trial or sentencing, you will certainly a just cause to submit an appeal.

If you establish that you wish to appeal, the following action is to submit a Notice to Appeal in the superior court. For misdemeanors, you will have thirty days from the day the judgment was entered to submit the notice of appeal. For a felony criminal case, this due date is sixty days.

While direct appeals need to be submitted within this sixty thirty days due date, other types of post-conviction relief can be submitted after this window. These consist of types such as a California Writ of Habeas Corpus as well as an Application for Commutation of Sentence.

Can I Submit an Appeal Late?

There are minimal scenarios in which California would certainly provide you even more time to submit an appeal. There are some extensions offered under the 2018 California Policies of Court that provide more time to submit an appeal adhering to public emergency situations.

A feasible ground for an extension is if your lawyer did not properly execute a responsibility pertaining to an appeal. This implies circumstances in which your lawyer failed to notify you of your right to appeal or failed to notify you within the standard due date for appeals. Furthermore, if your lawyer did not submit a prompt notification of appeal after you requested for them to do so, get in touch with an appeals attorney immediately.

An additional factor to take into consideration is for constructive filing. This occurs when you make a real effort to submit a notice of appeal, yet it is not obtained by the court within the deadline. This can happen if, for example, you represent yourself as well as submitting the wrong court; or if you asked your prison or jail authorities to mail in your notice of appeal, as well as they mailed it late or it showed up late.

Do I Need a Certificate of Probable Cause?

You need to additionally submit a certificate of probable cause if you went into a guilty or nolo contendere plea, were found guilty after an illegal search as well as an illegal seizure, or they had actually confessed to a probation offense. This certificate is a written declaration that you or your lawyer give under oath to state that the trial was by some means illegal.

This declaration should be provided to the trial court, which provides the certificate. The trial court is then after that provided twenty days to determine to either accept or refuse your request for a certificate of probable cause.

After Submitting a Notice to Appeal

As soon as your Notice to Appeal has actually been submitted, the various other parties included should be alerted. The superior court clerk will alert each party’s lawyer, the examining court clerk, any kind of unrepresented defendant, as well as each court reporter of the filing.

From the moment you submit the notice to appeal, you then have ten days to submit a Notice of Designating Record on appeal.

In order to prepare the records, the court reporter is informed; in cases where there was no court reporter, the court creates a transcript from the digital documents from the proceedings. Furthermore, you might additionally acquire a clerk’s transcript. Together, these are all the materials gathered and placed in the case documents throughout the case.

Just how do I Submit My Opening Brief

As soon as the first appeal documents as well as the trial court records are assembled, it is time to send an opening brief. The often lengthy brief is prepared by your appeals lawyer. This brief sums up the trial offer as well as requests a particular end result.

In regard to timeline, cases in the Court of Appeals need your opening brief to be submitted within forty days after the document is submitted. The participant’s brief has to then be submitted within thirty days following your opening brief. Ultimately, you then have twenty days to submit a reply brief to the respondent’s brief.

Oral Arguments

Adhering to the briefs being submitted, the court will alert you of the hearing date for your oral arguments. This can be weeks after the briefs were submitted, depending upon the court’s schedule.

Oral arguments offer you the opportunity to have your attorney say your premises for an appeal before the judge directly. Your lawyer can have up to thirty minutes to say your case, however, the quantity of time allocated depends upon the court where your appeal is happening. Oral arguments are additionally a time when your lawyer might address inquiries from the appellate court judge face to face.